To boot into single user mode you edit the boot instructions for the GRUB menu entry you wish to boot and add the kernel parameter/option single. Brief instructions for how to do this are below.
Turn on laptop and wait when GRUB menu will appear. Select (highlight) the GRUB boot menu entry you wish to use. Use the first one entry in this case.
Press e to ...
Open /etc/default/grub in a text editor of your choice and remove quiet splash.
sudo vi /etc/default/grub
Press insert button on your keyboard.
Remove mentioned words quiet splash
Press Esc button on your keyboard.
Type one by one commands below:
Then remove single using above tutorial and then one more time ...
Single user mode in Ubuntu/Elementary OS
Ubuntu/Elementary OS will drop you into single user mode automatically if it cannot boot normally. To manually enter single user mode, use the following instructions:
From GRUB, press 'e' to edit your boot entry (the Ubuntu entry).
Look for the line that starts with linux, then look for ro
Add single after ro, ...
You can try to run Linux in single mode and get into the system to remove the splash screen from the /etc/default/grub and then you will be able to see what is going on. The splash screen is nice but nonsense, because when there is an issue during the start of the system users are unable to see what is wrong. If you want to do that, let me know and I will ...
Wireguard is available in kernel 5.6 or newer, so the question is did you compile kernel 5.6 or newer from the source code and additionally performed update-initramfs after that? And yes this command can show missing firmware which need to be installed. It seems you messed up your system because of wireguard. I am wondering which tutorial did you use to make ...
Actually,it is not even necessary to remove older kernel. Just select during boot in grub the older kernel, run it, log to system, open terminal and type:
sudo dpkg --configure -a
Additionally, what I recommend, is to check kernels this way:
sudo dpkg --list | grep linux-image
sudo update-initramfs -u -k 5.0.4-generic
(use the version of the ...
You can always run some lie distribution form usb stick and then use sudo update-grub command, or grub customizer https://tipsonubuntu.com/2018/03/11/install-grub-customizer-ubuntu-18-04-lts/
Chroot system is easy, press e on the keyboard when you selected the proper linux entry in grub and then type
mount -o remount, rw /sysroot/
You can log into the other kernel and then try to remove quiet splash from /etc/default/grub file this way:
sudo vi /etc/default/grub
Press ins (insert) button on your keyboard to edit, remove quiet splash.
Then press Esc button and type
It will save the change and exit the editor.
To restart the ...
Open terminal and type:
You probably did not install the firmware for the GPU socket and did not compiled it with the kernel above 5.5 where the issue has been solved. If you need a tutorial, let me know. I already did it and it does not freeze. By the way Elementary OS does not use prefetch directory like Windows. It ...