Right now I have to minimize all windows one by one to get to the desktop. Is there a way to directly view the desktop?
I personally like to use
Hot corners to show the desktop.
To do this, first install devilspie with:
sudo apt-get install devilspie
Then create a script file with:
(or some other text editor) and inside that file paste the following content:
(if (begin (not(is(application_name) "wingpanel"))) (if (begin (not(is(application_name) "plank"))) (begin (minimize) (quit)) ))
save and exit the text editor.
Preferences/Desktop/Hot corners, select
Personalized order for one of the corners and in the
Execute custom command text box paste the following:
<user> with your user name, so it looks like this (I've selected the bottom right corner):
After that, moving the mouse to that corner should show you the desktop.
I use devilspie like in Gabriel's answer, only I like to be able to restore my windows with the same script, so my devilspie script looks like:
(begin (if (matches (window_property "_NET_WM_STATE") "_NET_WM_STATE_HIDDEN") (begin (unminimize) (quit) ) (begin (minimize) (quit) ) ) (quit) )
Everything else is the same as Gabriel's answer.
The only problem is it does not keep my windows in the same order when it restores them.
I have done a bash script which uses Xwindow utilities such as xwininfo, xdotool and wmctrl. All details and full Code of the script at http://fpkanarias.blogspot.com.es/2017/12/elementary-os-script-para-mostrar.html
Install Windows Management control or wmctrl:
sudo apt install wmctrl
now, typing the following command in the terminal will show the desktop:
wmctrl -k on
That is OK, but it is easier with a keyboard shortcut.
Open System Settings->Keyboard (or search keyboard in Applications for Loki 0.4 Elementary OS and possibly other distributions)
Go to 'Shortcuts tab
Go to 'Custom'
Click the '+' and type
wmctrl -k onand 'Enter'
The shortcut will show is 'Disabled' on the right
Try it: click you shortcut. You should see the desktop
That is it. You are done.