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How can I set up a simple, always-on development environment with PHP and Nginx, like the one configued in elementary/mvp?

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Step 1: Installation

The following commands both add repositories for the latest stack software, update and upgrade yourself, and then install the required system.

sudo apt-add-repository ppa:nginx/stable &&
sudo apt-add-repository ppa:ondrej/nginx &&
sudo apt-add-repository ppa:ondrej/php5-5.6 &&
sudo apt-get update &&
sudo apt-get dist-upgrade &&
sudo apt-get install nginx php5-fpm php5-curl php5-geoip php5-json php5-mcrypt php5-memcache

Note: To turn this into a LEMP stack, just install MariaDB as if you were using Ubuntu 14.04 Trusty, and then php5-mysql and ass phpmyadmin to suit.

Step 2: Configuration

sudo nano /etc/nginx/sites-enabled/sitename.conf

Paste some configuration in, modifying the root, include and error_log paths.

server {
    listen 80;
    server_name local.localtest.me;
    root /path/to/site;
    error_log /path/to/site_error.log;
    access_log off;
    autoindex on;
    index index.php index.html;

    location / {
        try_files $uri $uri.html $uri/ @extensionless-php;
    }

    location @extensionless-php {
        rewrite ^(.*)$ $1.php last;
    }

    location ~ \.php$ {
        include /etc/nginx/fastcgi_params;
        fastcgi_pass unix:/var/run/php5-fpm.sock;
        fastcgi_index index.php;
        fastcgi_param SCRIPT_FILENAME $document_root$fastcgi_script_name;
        fastcgi_intercept_errors on;
    }
}

You can test the configuration with Nginx.

sudo nginx -t

Now we just need to restart the service.

sudo service nginx restart

Step 3: Use

Finally, navigate to local.localtest.me

References:

  1. https://github.com/elementary/mvp/blob/master/CONTRIBUTE.md

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